Personal safety is very important in the workplace, we ensured high standards were met.
To read more click on each icon below.
Safety Training: The team attended a safety training session where we learnt about the potential dangers of the different substances and equipment we would be using. We all signed COSHH forms before working in the lab so that we knew the things in the lab that could be dangerous.
Safety Clothing: It is a requirement to wear a lab coat, goggles and gloves when in the bench area (unless we are using a non-glove keyboard or a microscope).
Protocols: We have protocols for every experiment and method. This allows us to make sure we have good microbial technique. Furthermore, we have followed a GMO safety protocol for our project that has been approved by the departmental safety committee. To read our protocols click here.
Equipment: We used a UV lamp to visualise and cut agarose gels. We had to ensure we had no exposed skin on our hands/arms and had to wear a visor to protect our faces and eyes.
Contamination: To avoid contamination we have 2 areas of workspace: a wet lab bench and dry desk space. These are in different rooms, nothing from the lab is allowed past the door in order to reduce the risk of contamination and increase safety and conversely no food or drink is allowed into the lab
Disposal: There are different bins and the correct disposal of different materials is very important. We have all learnt what goes where to ensure we comply with established lab practices..
Biological Hazard: Because we are working with bacteria (biological hazard) we make sure that we wash our hands before leaving the bench area.
Dealing with Emergency: The departmental guidelines contains section details all the emergency procedures including first aid, fire procedures and accident reporting.
Figure 1: Some of the team in the lab
Safe Project Design
Figure 2: Info-graphic highlighting major safety features within our project design
Safe Product Use
The use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the field of healthcare
There is a fear factor to consider when thinking about using GMOs in health care. GMOs have had bad media coverage and so you have to consider the acceptance of the new technology with its target user
(Another issue we may have is that biosafety, biosecurity and dual usage are all the same word in spanish (bioseguridad) so we will have to be careful when discussing this with our target audience)
Our system will be cell free so there will be no GMO’s present in our final device. In terms of regulation there are less barriers to this technology. However in some areas anything that is labelled as synthetic biology may be seen as the same thing as GMOs, so we must be careful in how we market our device so that patients are not put off
The use of cruzipain to test our system in a proof-of-concept
Cruzipain is a pathogenic protein so it would be dangerous to use in the lab. It is also hard to express.
- Solution:We will be using TEV instead for proof of concept, in order to best ensure our safety as well as get meaningful data. TEV has the added benefit of being a well characterised and widely used protein helping us validate our results.
Applied Design Problems
The distribution of needles in our initial kit could be problematic due to the chances of reuse which can lead to the transmission of diseases. Also there is potential for misuse of and improper use of needles if this were to be a home kit
If a fairly large sample of blood were needed it would require the test to be done by a trained medical professional. This would mean that the distribution of the kit to more rural areas would be limited as not all places have access to doctors or nurses. If only a finger prick were needed then it could be done by the patients themselves and distributed to villages
We have decided to move away from the home kit idea and since our test now focuses on congenital Chagas disease it will be done in a hospital or maternity clinic with a medical professional present. This would ensure that any blood needed would be taken in a safe way
‘FIND’s goal is to support intensified global control efforts through the following specific objectives: To reduce the burden of congenital Chagas disease through improved diagnostic solutions’
Medical infrastructure in the places worst affected by Chagas disease face complex challenges so the chance for follow ups or distributing results is not perfect
a point of care diagnostic would be better
We will try to make our diagnostic one that is at the point of care at birth. This would enable a diagnosis to be give straight away and treatment plans set up as soon as possible. Through modelling we have found that our test takes 30 minutes from taking blood to getting results to work This would also help with the distribution of our test as hospitals are more accessible with supplies
‘For congenital Chagas disease, the best time for parasitological or molecular diagnosis is during the first few weeks after birth when parasitaemia is often high. This is difficult, however, due to limitations in infrastructure and resources. As a result, children born from infected mothers have to wait for up to ten months after birth before they can be tested by serology (serological tests are only useful after maternal antibodies have waned). Many children are thus lost to follow-up during this waiting period. A point-of-care test for congenital Chagas disease to enable testing of neonates at the place of birth would ensure early detection and safer treatment.’ - FIND Strategy for neglected tropical diseases 2015-2020
The more sensitive our system is the more likely we are to get false positives due to the amplification system we have
False positives could have an impact on the mental wellbeing of patients, and can also lead to administering expensive drugs and treatments when they are not needed and could lead to uncomfortable side effects for the patients
Our device will only be for screening, and will be integrated into our recommended plan of action to diagnose and treat congenital Chagas disease. This can be viewed by clicking here
World Health Organization, 2015. Investing to Overcome the Global Impact of Neglected Tropical Diseases: Third WHO Report on Neglected Tropical Diseases 2015 (Vol. 3). World Health Organization.