Team:NU Kazakhstan/References

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C. reinhardtii and Chromium

[1] Aharchaou, I., Rosabal, M., Liu, F., Battaglia, E., Vignati, D. A., & Fortin, C. (2017). Bioaccumulation and subcellular partitioning of Cr (III) and Cr (VI) in the freshwater green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Aquatic Toxicology, 182, 49-57.

[2] Pootakham, W., Gonzalez-Ballester, D., & Grossman, A. R. (2010). Identification and regulation of plasma membrane sulfate transporters in Chlamydomonas. Plant physiology, 153(4), 1653-1668.

[3] Rodríguez, M. C., Barsanti, L., Passarelli, V., Evangelista, V., Conforti, V., & Gualtieri, P. (2007). Effects of chromium on photosynthetic and photoreceptive apparatus of the alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Environmental research, 105(2), 234-239.


[1] Sizova, I., Fuhrmann, M., & Hegemann, P. (2001). A Streptomyces rimosusaphVIII gene coding for a new type phosphotransferase provides stable antibiotic resistance to Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Gene, 277(1), 221-229.

Chromate reductase

[1] Arévalo-Rangel, D. L., Cárdenas-González, J. F., Martínez-Juárez, V. M., & Acosta-Rodríguez, I. (2013). Hexavalent Chromate Reductase Activity in Cell Free Extracts of Penicillium sp. Bioinorganic chemistry and applications, 2013.

[2] Mala, J. G. S., Sujatha, D., & Rose, C. (2015). Inducible chromate reductase exhibiting extracellular activity in Bacillus methylotrophicus for chromium bioremediation. Microbiological research, 170, 235-241.

[3] Thatoi, H., Das, S., Mishra, J., Rath, B. P., & Das, N. (2014). Bacterial chromate reductase, a potential enzyme for bioremediation of hexavalent chromium: a review. Journal of environmental management, 146, 383-399.

[4] Pal, A., Dutta, S., & Paul, A. K. (2005). Reduction of hexavalent chromium by cell-free extract of Bacillus sphaericus AND 303 isolated from serpentine soil. Current microbiology, 51(5), 327-330.


[1] Takemoto, K., Matsuda, T., Sakai, N., Fu, D., Noda, M., Uchiyama, S., ... & Ayabe, T. (2013). SuperNova, a monomeric photosensitizing fluorescent protein for chromophore-assisted light inactivation. Scientific reports, 3, 2629.


[1] Arakawa, H., Kandadi, M. R., Panzhinskiy, E., Belmore, K., Deng, G., Love, E., ... & Vincent, J. B. (2016). Spectroscopic and biological activity studies of the chromium-binding peptide EEEEGDD. JBIC Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 21(3), 369-381.

[2] Chen, Y., Watson, H. M., Gao, J., Sinha, S. H., Cassady, C. J., & Vincent, J. B. (2011). Characterization of the organic component of low-molecular-weight chromium-binding substance and its binding of chromium. The Journal of nutrition, 141(7), 1225-1232.

Existing methods of chromium pollution utilization

[1] Kumar, A., Balouch, A., Pathan, A. A., Mahar, A. M., Abdullah, Jagirani, M. S., ... & Panah, P. (2017). Remediation techniques applied for aqueous system contaminated by toxic Chromium and Nickel ion. Geology, Ecology, and Landscapes, 1(2), 143-153.

[2] Owlad, M., Aroua, M. K., Daud, W. A. W., & Baroutian, S. (2009). Removal of hexavalent chromium-contaminated water and wastewater: a review. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 200(1-4), 59-77.

C. reinhardtii electroporation

[1] Pollock, S. V., Mukherjee, B., Bajsa-Hirschel, J., Machingura, M. C., Mukherjee, A., Grossman, A. R., & Moroney, J. V. (2017). A robust protocol for efficient generation, and genomic characterization of insertional mutants of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Plant methods, 13(1), 22.

[2] Shimogawara, K., Fujiwara, S., Grossman, A., & Usuda, H. (1998). High-efficiency transformation of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii by electroporation. Genetics, 148(4), 1821-1828.

Chromium measurements

[1] Soni, S. K., Singh, R., Awasthi, A., Singh, M., & Kalra, A. (2013). In vitro Cr (VI) reduction by cell-free extracts of chromate-reducing bacteria isolated from tannery effluent irrigated soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20(3), 1661-1674.

[2] Modified Lowry protein assay kit. Thermofischer.


Chromium pollution statistics

[1] Introduction to the 2015 TRI National Analysis